Product: Cyclin D1 Antibody
Catalog: AF0931
Source: Rabbit
Application: WB, IHC, IF/ICC, ELISA(peptide)
Reactivity: Human, Mouse, Rat
Prediction: Pig, Zebrafish, Bovine, Dog, Chicken, Xenopus
Mol.Wt.: 33kD; 34kD(Calculated).
Uniprot: P24385
RRID: AB_2835325

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 100ul $280 In stock
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Product Info

Source:
Rabbit
Application:
WB 1:500-1:2000, IHC 1:50-1:200, IF/ICC 1:100-1:500, ELISA(peptide) 1:20000-1:40000
*The optimal dilutions should be determined by the end user.
Reactivity:
Human,Mouse,Rat
Prediction:
Pig(100%), Zebrafish(88%), Bovine(100%), Dog(100%), Chicken(100%), Xenopus(100%)
Clonality:
Polyclonal
Specificity:
Cyclin D1 Antibody detects endogenous levels of total Cyclin D1.
RRID:
AB_2835325
Cite Format: Affinity Biosciences Cat# AF0931, RRID:AB_2835325.
Purification:
The antiserum was purified by peptide affinity chromatography using SulfoLink™ Coupling Resin (Thermo Fisher Scientific).
Storage:
Rabbit IgG in phosphate buffered saline , pH 7.4, 150mM NaCl, 0.02% sodium azide and 50% glycerol. Store at -20 °C. Stable for 12 months from date of receipt.
Alias:

Fold/Unfold

AI327039;B cell CLL/lymphoma 1;B cell leukemia 1;B cell lymphoma 1 protein;B-cell lymphoma 1 protein;BCL 1;BCL-1;BCL-1 oncogene;BCL1;BCL1 oncogene;ccnd1;CCND1/FSTL3 fusion gene, included;CCND1/IGHG1 fusion gene, included;CCND1/IGLC1 fusion gene, included;CCND1/PTH fusion gene, included;CCND1_HUMAN;cD1;Cyl 1;D11S287E;G1/S specific cyclin D1;G1/S-specific cyclin-D1;Parathyroid adenomatosis 1;PRAD1;PRAD1 oncogene;U21B31;

Immunogens

Immunogen:
Uniprot:
Gene(ID):
Description:
The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the highly conserved cyclin family, whose members are characterized by a dramatic periodicity in protein abundance throughout the cell cycle. Cyclins function as regulators of CDK kinases. Different cyclins exhibit distinct expression and degradation patterns which contribute to the temporal coordination of each mitotic event.
Sequence:
MEHQLLCCEVETIRRAYPDANLLNDRVLRAMLKAEETCAPSVSYFKCVQKEVLPSMRKIVATWMLEVCEEQKCEEEVFPLAMNYLDRFLSLEPVKKSRLQLLGATCMFVASKMKETIPLTAEKLCIYTDNSIRPEELLQMELLLVNKLKWNLAAMTPHDFIEHFLSKMPEAEENKQIIRKHAQTFVALCATDVKFISNPPSMVAAGSVVAAVQGLNLRSPNNFLSYYRLTRFLSRVIKCDPDCLRACQEQIEALLESSLRQAQQNMDPKAAEEEEEEEEEVDLACTPTDVRDVDI

Predictions

Predictions:

Score>80(red) has high confidence and is suggested to be used for WB detection. *The prediction model is mainly based on the alignment of immunogen sequences, the results are for reference only, not as the basis of quality assurance.

Species
Results
Score
Pig
100
Bovine
100
Dog
100
Xenopus
100
Chicken
100
Zebrafish
88
Horse
0
Sheep
0
Rabbit
0
Model Confidence:
High(score>80) Medium(80>score>50) Low(score<50) No confidence

PTMs - P24385 As Substrate

Site PTM Type Enzyme
K33 Ubiquitination
K46 Methylation
K46 Ubiquitination
K50 Ubiquitination
S90 Phosphorylation P17612 (PRKACA)
K95 Ubiquitination
K96 Ubiquitination
S111 Phosphorylation
K112 Ubiquitination
K114 Ubiquitination
S131 Phosphorylation
K167 Ubiquitination
K175 Ubiquitination
K180 Ubiquitination
S197 Phosphorylation P17612 (PRKACA)
S219 Phosphorylation
Y226 Phosphorylation
S234 Phosphorylation P17612 (PRKACA)
K238 Ubiquitination
K269 Ubiquitination
T286 Phosphorylation Q13627 (DYRK1A) , Q9Y463 (DYRK1B) , P49841 (GSK3B) , O15111 (CHUK)
T288 Phosphorylation P49841 (GSK3B) , Q9Y463 (DYRK1B)

Research Backgrounds

Function:

Regulatory component of the cyclin D1-CDK4 (DC) complex that phosphorylates and inhibits members of the retinoblastoma (RB) protein family including RB1 and regulates the cell-cycle during G(1)/S transition. Phosphorylation of RB1 allows dissociation of the transcription factor E2F from the RB/E2F complex and the subsequent transcription of E2F target genes which are responsible for the progression through the G(1) phase. Hypophosphorylates RB1 in early G(1) phase. Cyclin D-CDK4 complexes are major integrators of various mitogenenic and antimitogenic signals. Also substrate for SMAD3, phosphorylating SMAD3 in a cell-cycle-dependent manner and repressing its transcriptional activity. Component of the ternary complex, cyclin D1/CDK4/CDKN1B, required for nuclear translocation and activity of the cyclin D-CDK4 complex. Exhibits transcriptional corepressor activity with INSM1 on the NEUROD1 and INS promoters in a cell cycle-independent manner.

PTMs:

Phosphorylation at Thr-286 by MAP kinases is required for ubiquitination and degradation following DNA damage. It probably plays an essential role for recognition by the FBXO31 component of SCF (SKP1-cullin-F-box) protein ligase complex.

Ubiquitinated, primarily as 'Lys-48'-linked polyubiquitination. Ubiquitinated by a SCF (SKP1-CUL1-F-box protein) ubiquitin-protein ligase complex containing FBXO4 and CRYAB. Following DNA damage it is ubiquitinated by some SCF (SKP1-cullin-F-box) protein ligase complex containing FBXO31. SCF-type ubiquitination is dependent on Thr-286 phosphorylation (By similarity). Ubiquitinated also by UHRF2 apparently in a phosphorylation-independent manner. Ubiquitination leads to its degradation and G1 arrest. Deubiquitinated by USP2; leading to its stabilization.

Subcellular Location:

Nucleus. Cytoplasm. Nucleus membrane.
Note: Cyclin D-CDK4 complexes accumulate at the nuclear membrane and are then translocated to the nucleus through interaction with KIP/CIP family members.

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionSubcellular location
Subunit Structure:

Interacts with FBXO4 (By similarity). Interacts with either CDK4 or CDK6 protein kinase to form a serine/threonine kinase holoenzyme complex. The cyclin subunit imparts substrate specificity to the complex. Component of the ternary complex CCND1/CDK4/CDKN1B required for nuclear translocation and modulation of CDK4-mediated kinase activity. Interacts directly with CDKN1B. Interacts with UHRF2; the interaction ubiquitinates CCND1 and appears to occur independently of phosphorylation. Can form similar complexes with either CDKN1A or CDKN2A. Interacts with USP2. Interacts (via cyclin N-terminal domain) with INSM1 (via N-terminal region); the interaction competes with the binding of CCND1 to CDK4 during cell cycle progression and inhibits CDK4 activity. Interacts with CDK4; the interaction is prevented with the binding of CCND1 to INSM1 during cell cycle progression.

Family&Domains:

Belongs to the cyclin family. Cyclin D subfamily.

Research Fields

· Cellular Processes > Cell growth and death > Cell cycle.   (View pathway)

· Cellular Processes > Cell growth and death > p53 signaling pathway.   (View pathway)

· Cellular Processes > Cell growth and death > Cellular senescence.   (View pathway)

· Cellular Processes > Cellular community - eukaryotes > Focal adhesion.   (View pathway)

· Cellular Processes > Cellular community - eukaryotes > Tight junction.   (View pathway)

· Environmental Information Processing > Signal transduction > FoxO signaling pathway.   (View pathway)

· Environmental Information Processing > Signal transduction > PI3K-Akt signaling pathway.   (View pathway)

· Environmental Information Processing > Signal transduction > AMPK signaling pathway.   (View pathway)

· Environmental Information Processing > Signal transduction > Wnt signaling pathway.   (View pathway)

· Environmental Information Processing > Signal transduction > Hedgehog signaling pathway.   (View pathway)

· Environmental Information Processing > Signal transduction > Apelin signaling pathway.   (View pathway)

· Environmental Information Processing > Signal transduction > Hippo signaling pathway.   (View pathway)

· Environmental Information Processing > Signal transduction > Jak-STAT signaling pathway.   (View pathway)

· Human Diseases > Drug resistance: Antineoplastic > Endocrine resistance.

· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Viral > Hepatitis B.

· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Viral > Measles.

· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Viral > Human papillomavirus infection.

· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Viral > HTLV-I infection.

· Human Diseases > Cancers: Overview > Pathways in cancer.   (View pathway)

· Human Diseases > Cancers: Overview > Viral carcinogenesis.

· Human Diseases > Cancers: Overview > Proteoglycans in cancer.

· Human Diseases > Cancers: Overview > MicroRNAs in cancer.

· Human Diseases > Cancers: Specific types > Colorectal cancer.   (View pathway)

· Human Diseases > Cancers: Specific types > Pancreatic cancer.   (View pathway)

· Human Diseases > Cancers: Specific types > Endometrial cancer.   (View pathway)

· Human Diseases > Cancers: Specific types > Glioma.   (View pathway)

· Human Diseases > Cancers: Specific types > Prostate cancer.   (View pathway)

· Human Diseases > Cancers: Specific types > Thyroid cancer.   (View pathway)

· Human Diseases > Cancers: Specific types > Melanoma.   (View pathway)

· Human Diseases > Cancers: Specific types > Bladder cancer.   (View pathway)

· Human Diseases > Cancers: Specific types > Chronic myeloid leukemia.   (View pathway)

· Human Diseases > Cancers: Specific types > Acute myeloid leukemia.   (View pathway)

· Human Diseases > Cancers: Specific types > Small cell lung cancer.   (View pathway)

· Human Diseases > Cancers: Specific types > Non-small cell lung cancer.   (View pathway)

· Human Diseases > Cancers: Specific types > Breast cancer.   (View pathway)

· Human Diseases > Cancers: Specific types > Hepatocellular carcinoma.   (View pathway)

· Human Diseases > Cancers: Specific types > Gastric cancer.   (View pathway)

· Human Diseases > Cardiovascular diseases > Viral myocarditis.

· Organismal Systems > Endocrine system > Prolactin signaling pathway.   (View pathway)

· Organismal Systems > Endocrine system > Thyroid hormone signaling pathway.   (View pathway)

· Organismal Systems > Endocrine system > Oxytocin signaling pathway.

References

1). Yan T et al. Interfering with hyaluronic acid metabolism suppresses glioma cell proliferation by regulating autophagy. Cell Death Dis 2021 May 13;12(5):486. (PubMed: 33986244) [IF=9.685]

Application: WB    Species: human    Sample: U251 glioma cells

Fig. 5 |Treatments interfering with HAS3 and CD44 combined with autophagy inhibitors have a synergistic effect on the glioma cell cycle.C Relative levels of the CCNB1 and CCND1 proteins in U251 glioma cells transfected with the HAS3 siRNA or cultured with a CD44 antibody, followed by treatment with CQ (30 μmol/L) for 48 h. The data are presented as the mean ± SD; *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01,and ***P < 0.001, ****P < 0.0001.

2). Li P et al. Circular RNA 0000096 affects cell growth and migration in gastric cancer. Brit J Cancer 2017 Feb 28;116(5):626-633 (PubMed: 28081541) [IF=9.075]

Application: WB    Species: human    Sample:

Figure 4. Expression levels of cell cycle-related and migration-related proteins in human normal gastric epithelial and human gastric cancer cell lines following knockdown of hsa_circ_0000096. Representative western blot results of cycle-related proteins cyclin D1 and CDK6 (A, B). Representative western blot results of migration-related proteins MMP-2 and MMP-9 (C, D). Data are presented as the mean±s.d., n ¼ 3. NC, negative control. *Po0.05, **Po0.01, ***Po0.001.

3). Li Y et al. LncRNA NORAD Mediates the Proliferation and Apoptosis of Diffuse Large-B-Cell Lymphoma via Regulation of miR-345-3p/TRAF6 Axis. Arch Med Res 2022 Apr;53(3):271-279. (PubMed: 35164979) [IF=8.323]

4). Luan SH et al. ASIC1a promotes hepatic stellate cell activation through the exosomal miR-301a-3p/BTG1 pathway. Int J Biol Macromol 2022 Jun 30;211:128-139. (PubMed: 35561854) [IF=8.025]

5). Xu C et al. Pathological and Prognostic Characterization of Craniopharyngioma Based on the Expression of TrkA, β-Catenin, Cell Cycle Markers, and BRAF V600E Mutation. Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2022 May 30;13:859381. (PubMed: 35707464) [IF=6.055]

6). Zan Liu et al. Novel circRNA_0071196/miRNA‑19b‑3p/CIT axis is associated with proliferation and migration of bladder cancer. INT J ONCOL 2020 Jul; [IF=5.884]

7). Li C et al. Upregulation of E‑cadherin expression mediated by a novel dsRNA suppresses the growth and metastasis of bladder cancer cells by inhibiting β-catenin/TCF target genes. Int J Oncol 2018 Jun;52(6):1815-1826. (PubMed: 29620261) [IF=5.884]

8). Wu Y et al. ST3Gal IV Mediates the Growth and Proliferation of Cervical Cancer Cells In Vitro and In Vivo Via the Notch/p21/CDKs Pathway. Front Oncol 2021 Feb 1;10:540332. (PubMed: 33598419) [IF=5.738]

9). Chen J et al. LncRNA NEAT1 Enhances Glioma Progression via Regulating the miR-128-3p/ITGA5 Axis. Mol Neurobiol 2021 Oct;58(10):5163-5177. (PubMed: 34263426) [IF=5.682]

10). Fang D et al. Upregulation of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E associates with a poor prognosis in gallbladder cancer and promotes cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo. Int J Mol Med 2019 Aug 19 (PubMed: 31432159) [IF=5.314]

Application: WB    Species: human    Sample: GBC and NOZ cells

Figure 3. |Knockdown of eIF4E inhibits the cell cycle of GBC and NOZ cells in vitro.(E) Western blot analysis was performed to examine the cell‑cycle proteins, including p27, cyclin D1 and cyclin E1. eIF4E, eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4; shRNA, short hairpin RNA; contr, control; p27, cyclin‑dependent kinase inhibitor 1B. Statistical analyses were performed using one‑way analysis of variance followed by Bonferroni's correction post‑hoc test.

Application: IHC    Species: human    Sample: GBC tumor

Figure 4. |Knockdown of eIF4E inhibits the GBC tumor growth in vivo. (F) The immunohistochemical staining of cell cycle‑associated proteins, Ki 67 and eIF4E, in tumors. Scale bar, 50 µm. eIF4E, eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4; shRNA, short hairpin RNA; contr, control; p27, cyclin‑dependent kinase inhibitor 1B.

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