Src Antibody - #AF6161
|Application:||WB, IHC, IF/ICC|
|Reactivity:||Human, Mouse, Rat, Monkey|
|Prediction:||Pig, Zebrafish, Bovine, Horse, Sheep, Rabbit, Chicken, Xenopus|
*The optimal dilutions should be determined by the end user.
WB: For western blot detection of denatured protein samples. IHC: For immunohistochemical detection of paraffin sections (IHC-p) or frozen sections (IHC-f) of tissue samples. IF/ICC: For immunofluorescence detection of cell samples. ELISA(peptide): For ELISA detection of antigenic peptide.
Cite Format: Affinity Biosciences Cat# AF6161, RRID:AB_2834796.
ASV; Avian sarcoma virus; c SRC; CDNA FLJ14219 fis clone NT2RP3003800 highly similar to Rattus norvegicus tyrosine protein kinase pp60 c src mRNA; cSrc; EC 220.127.116.11; Neuronal CSRC tyrosine specific protein kinase; Neuronal SRC; Oncogene SRC; OTTHUMP00000174476; OTTHUMP00000174477; p60 Src; p60-Src; p60Src; pp60c src; pp60c-src; pp60csrc; Proto oncogene tyrosine protein kinase Src; Proto-oncogene c-Src; Proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase Src; Protooncogene SRC; Protooncogene SRC Rous sarcoma; Src; SRC Oncogene; SRC proto oncogene non receptor tyrosine kinase; SRC_HUMAN; SRC1; Tyrosine kinase pp60c src; Tyrosine protein kinase SRC 1; Tyrosine protein kinase SRC1; v src avian sarcoma (Schmidt Ruppin A2) viral oncogene homolog; V src sarcoma (Schmidt Ruppin A 2) viral oncogene homolog (avian); v src sarcoma (Schmidt Ruppin A 2) viral oncogene homolog avian;
Expressed ubiquitously. Platelets, neurons and osteoclasts express 5-fold to 200-fold higher levels than most other tissues.
- P12931 SRC_HUMAN:
- Protein BLAST With
Score>80(red) has high confidence and is suggested to be used for WB detection. *The prediction model is mainly based on the alignment of immunogen sequences, the results are for reference only, not as the basis of quality assurance.
High(score>80) Medium(80>score>50) Low(score<50) No confidence
PTMs - P12931 As Substrate
|Y419||Phosphorylation||P12931 (SRC) , P16234 (PDGFRA) , P09619 (PDGFRB) , P17612 (PRKACA)||Uniprot|
|Y530||Phosphorylation||P41240 (CSK) , P42679 (MATK) , P12931 (SRC)||Uniprot|
PTMs - P12931 As Enzyme
Non-receptor protein tyrosine kinase which is activated following engagement of many different classes of cellular receptors including immune response receptors, integrins and other adhesion receptors, receptor protein tyrosine kinases, G protein-coupled receptors as well as cytokine receptors. Participates in signaling pathways that control a diverse spectrum of biological activities including gene transcription, immune response, cell adhesion, cell cycle progression, apoptosis, migration, and transformation. Due to functional redundancy between members of the SRC kinase family, identification of the specific role of each SRC kinase is very difficult. SRC appears to be one of the primary kinases activated following engagement of receptors and plays a role in the activation of other protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) families. Receptor clustering or dimerization leads to recruitment of SRC to the receptor complexes where it phosphorylates the tyrosine residues within the receptor cytoplasmic domains. Plays an important role in the regulation of cytoskeletal organization through phosphorylation of specific substrates such as AFAP1. Phosphorylation of AFAP1 allows the SRC SH2 domain to bind AFAP1 and to localize to actin filaments. Cytoskeletal reorganization is also controlled through the phosphorylation of cortactin (CTTN) (Probable). When cells adhere via focal adhesions to the extracellular matrix, signals are transmitted by integrins into the cell resulting in tyrosine phosphorylation of a number of focal adhesion proteins, including PTK2/FAK1 and paxillin (PXN). In addition to phosphorylating focal adhesion proteins, SRC is also active at the sites of cell-cell contact adherens junctions and phosphorylates substrates such as beta-catenin (CTNNB1), delta-catenin (CTNND1), and plakoglobin (JUP). Another type of cell-cell junction, the gap junction, is also a target for SRC, which phosphorylates connexin-43 (GJA1). SRC is implicated in regulation of pre-mRNA-processing and phosphorylates RNA-binding proteins such as KHDRBS1 (Probable). Also plays a role in PDGF-mediated tyrosine phosphorylation of both STAT1 and STAT3, leading to increased DNA binding activity of these transcription factors (By similarity). Involved in the RAS pathway through phosphorylation of RASA1 and RASGRF1. Plays a role in EGF-mediated calcium-activated chloride channel activation. Required for epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) internalization through phosphorylation of clathrin heavy chain (CLTC and CLTCL1) at 'Tyr-1477'. Involved in beta-arrestin (ARRB1 and ARRB2) desensitization through phosphorylation and activation of GRK2, leading to beta-arrestin phosphorylation and internalization. Has a critical role in the stimulation of the CDK20/MAPK3 mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade by epidermal growth factor (Probable). Might be involved not only in mediating the transduction of mitogenic signals at the level of the plasma membrane but also in controlling progression through the cell cycle via interaction with regulatory proteins in the nucleus. Plays an important role in osteoclastic bone resorption in conjunction with PTK2B/PYK2. Both the formation of a SRC-PTK2B/PYK2 complex and SRC kinase activity are necessary for this function. Recruited to activated integrins by PTK2B/PYK2, thereby phosphorylating CBL, which in turn induces the activation and recruitment of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase to the cell membrane in a signaling pathway that is critical for osteoclast function. Promotes energy production in osteoclasts by activating mitochondrial cytochrome C oxidase. Phosphorylates DDR2 on tyrosine residues, thereby promoting its subsequent autophosphorylation. Phosphorylates RUNX3 and COX2 on tyrosine residues, TNK2 on 'Tyr-284' and CBL on 'Tyr-731'. Enhances DDX58/RIG-I-elicited antiviral signaling. Phosphorylates PDPK1 at 'Tyr-9', 'Tyr-373' and 'Tyr-376'. Phosphorylates BCAR1 at 'Tyr-128'. Phosphorylates CBLC at multiple tyrosine residues, phosphorylation at 'Tyr-341' activates CBLC E3 activity. Involved in anchorage-independent cell growth. Required for podosome formation (By similarity).
Myristoylated at Gly-2, and this is essential for targeting to membranes.
Dephosphorylated at Tyr-530 by PTPRJ (By similarity). Phosphorylated on Tyr-530 by c-Src kinase (CSK). The phosphorylated form is termed pp60c-src. Dephosphorylated by PTPRJ at Tyr-419. Normally maintained in an inactive conformation with the SH2 domain engaged with Tyr-530, the SH3 domain engaged with the SH2-kinase linker, and Tyr-419 dephosphorylated. Dephosphorylation of Tyr-530 as a result of protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) action disrupts the intramolecular interaction between the SH2 domain and Tyr-530, Tyr-419 can then become autophosphorylated, resulting in SRC activation. Phosphorylation of Tyr-530 by CSK allows this interaction to reform, resulting in SRC inactivation. CDK5-mediated phosphorylation at Ser-75 targets SRC to ubiquitin-dependent degradation and thus leads to cytoskeletal reorganization. Phosphorylated by PTK2/FAK1; this enhances kinase activity. Phosphorylated by PTK2B/PYK2; this enhances kinase activity.
S-nitrosylation is important for activation of its kinase activity.
Ubiquitinated in response to CDK5-mediated phosphorylation. Ubiquitination mediated by CBLC requires SRC autophosphorylation at Tyr-419 and may lead to lysosomal degradation.
Cell membrane>Lipid-anchor. Mitochondrion inner membrane. Nucleus. Cytoplasm>Cytoskeleton. Cytoplasm>Perinuclear region. Cell junction>Focal adhesion.
Note: Localizes to focal adhesion sites following integrin engagement (PubMed:22801373). Localization to focal adhesion sites requires myristoylation and the SH3 domain (PubMed:7525268). Colocalizes with PDLIM4 at the perinuclear region, but not at focal adhesions (PubMed:19307596).
Expressed ubiquitously. Platelets, neurons and osteoclasts express 5-fold to 200-fold higher levels than most other tissues.
Part of a complex comprised of PTPRA, BCAR1, BCAR3 (via SH2 domain) and SRC; the formation of the complex is dependent on integrin mediated-tyrosine phosphorylation of PTPRA. Interacts with DDEF1/ASAP1; via the SH3 domain (By similarity). Interacts with CCPG1 (By similarity). Identified in a complex containing FGFR4, NCAM1, CDH2, PLCG1, FRS2, SRC, SHC1, GAP43 and CTTN (By similarity). Interacts with ERBB2, STAT1 and PNN (By similarity). Interacts with DDR1, DDR2 and DAB2 (By similarity). Interacts with CDCP1, PELP1, TGFB1I1 and TOM1L2. Interacts with the cytoplasmic domain of MUC1, phosphorylates it and increases binding of MUC1 with beta-catenin. Interacts with RALGPS1; via the SH3 domain. Interacts with CAV2 (tyrosine phosphorylated form). Interacts (via the SH3 domain and the protein kinase domain) with ARRB1; the interaction is independent of the phosphorylation state of SRC C-terminus (By similarity). Interacts with ARRB1 and ARRB2. Interacts with SRCIN1. Interacts with NDFIP2 and more weakly with NDFIP1. Interacts with PIK3CA and/or PIK3C2B, PTK2/FAK1 and ESR1 (dimethylated on arginine). Interacts with FASLG. Interacts (via SH2 domain) with the 'Tyr-402' phosphorylated form of PTK2B/PYK2. Interacts (via SH2 domain) with FLT3 (tyrosine phosphorylated) (By similarity). Interacts with PDGFRA (tyrosine phosphorylated) (By similarity). Interacts with CSF1R (By similarity). Interacts (via SH2 and SH3 domain) with TNK2. Interacts (via protein kinase domain) with the tyrosine phosphorylated form of RUNX3 (via runt domain). Interacts with TRAF3 (via RING-type zinc finger domain). Interacts with DDX58, MAVS and TBK1. Interacts (via SH2 domain) with RACK1; the interaction is enhanced by tyrosine phosphorylation of RACK1 and inhibits SRC activity. Interacts with EPHB1; activates the MAPK/ERK cascade to regulate cell migration. Interacts with FCAMR. Interacts (via SH2 domain) with the 'Tyr-9' phosphorylated form of PDPK1. Interacts with AMOTL2; this interaction regulates the translocation of phosphorylated SRC to peripheral cell-matrix adhesion sites. Interacts with TRAP1. Interacts with CBLC; the interaction is enhanced when SRC is phosphorylated at Tyr-419. Interacts with ARHGEF5 (By similarity). Interacts (via cytoplasmic domain) with CEACAM1 (via SH2 domain); this interaction is regulated by trans-homophilic cell adhesion. Interacts with MPP2. Interacts with PRR7. Interacts (via kinase domain and to a lesser extent the SH2 domain) directly with PDLIM4; this interaction results in PTPN13-mediated dephosphorylation of this protein leading to its inactivation. Interacts with P85 (PIK3R1 or PIK3R2). Interacts with HNRNPA2B1.
(Microbial infection) Interacts with HEV ORF3 protein; via the SH3 domain.
The SH2 and SH3 domains are important for the intramolecular and intermolecular interactions that regulate catalytic activity, localization, and substrate recruitment.
Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. Tyr protein kinase family. SRC subfamily.
· Cellular Processes > Transport and catabolism > Endocytosis. (View pathway)
· Cellular Processes > Cellular community - eukaryotes > Focal adhesion. (View pathway)
· Cellular Processes > Cellular community - eukaryotes > Adherens junction. (View pathway)
· Cellular Processes > Cellular community - eukaryotes > Tight junction. (View pathway)
· Cellular Processes > Cellular community - eukaryotes > Gap junction. (View pathway)
· Cellular Processes > Cell motility > Regulation of actin cytoskeleton. (View pathway)
· Environmental Information Processing > Signal transduction > ErbB signaling pathway. (View pathway)
· Environmental Information Processing > Signal transduction > Rap1 signaling pathway. (View pathway)
· Human Diseases > Drug resistance: Antineoplastic > EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor resistance.
· Human Diseases > Drug resistance: Antineoplastic > Endocrine resistance.
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Bacterial > Bacterial invasion of epithelial cells.
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Bacterial > Epithelial cell signaling in Helicobacter pylori infection.
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Bacterial > Shigellosis.
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Bacterial > Tuberculosis.
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Viral > Hepatitis B.
· Human Diseases > Cancers: Overview > Viral carcinogenesis.
· Human Diseases > Cancers: Overview > Proteoglycans in cancer.
· Human Diseases > Cancers: Specific types > Bladder cancer. (View pathway)
· Organismal Systems > Immune system > Chemokine signaling pathway. (View pathway)
· Organismal Systems > Development > Axon guidance. (View pathway)
· Organismal Systems > Immune system > Platelet activation. (View pathway)
· Organismal Systems > Nervous system > GABAergic synapse.
· Organismal Systems > Sensory system > Inflammatory mediator regulation of TRP channels. (View pathway)
· Organismal Systems > Endocrine system > Estrogen signaling pathway. (View pathway)
· Organismal Systems > Endocrine system > Prolactin signaling pathway. (View pathway)
· Organismal Systems > Endocrine system > Thyroid hormone signaling pathway. (View pathway)
· Organismal Systems > Endocrine system > Oxytocin signaling pathway.
· Organismal Systems > Endocrine system > Relaxin signaling pathway.
Application: WB Species: Human Sample: Colon
Application: WB Species: human Sample: CTC-TJH-01 cells
Application: WB Species: Human Sample: LX-2 cells
Affinity Biosciences tests all products strictly. Citations are provided as a resource for additional applications that have not been validated by Affinity Biosciences. Please choose the appropriate format for each application and consult Materials and Methods sections for additional details about the use of any product in these publications.
For Research Use Only.
Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures. Not for resale. Not for distribution without written consent. Affinity Biosciences will not be held responsible for patent infringement or other violations that may occur with the use of our products. Affinity Biosciences, Affinity Biosciences Logo and all other trademarks are the property of Affinity Biosciences LTD.