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Product Info

Source:
Mouse
Application:
WB 1:500-1:2000, IHC 1:200-1:1000, IF/ICC 1:200-1:1000, FCM 1:200-1:400
*The optimal dilutions should be determined by the end user.
*Tips:

WB: For western blot detection of denatured protein samples. IHC: For immunohistochemical detection of paraffin sections (IHC-p) or frozen sections (IHC-f) of tissue samples. IF/ICC: For immunofluorescence detection of cell samples. ELISA(peptide): For ELISA detection of antigenic peptide.

Reactivity:
Human
Clonality:
Monoclonal [AFfirm09(AFB1917)]
Specificity:
MMP9 antibody detects endogenous levels of total MMP9.
RRID:
AB_2833940
Cite Format: Affinity Biosciences Cat# BF0560, RRID:AB_2833940.
Purification:
Affinity-chromatography.
Storage:
Mouse IgG1 in phosphate buffered saline (without Mg2+ and Ca2+), pH 7.4, 150mM NaCl, 0.02% sodium azide and 50% glycerol. Store at -20 °C. Stable for 12 months from date of receipt.
Alias:

Fold/Unfold

82 kDa matrix metalloproteinase-9; 92 kDa gelatinase; 92 kDa type IV collagenase; CLG 4B; CLG4B; Collagenase Type 4 beta; Collagenase type IV 92 KD; EC 3.4.24.35; Gelatinase 92 KD; Gelatinase B; Gelatinase beta; GelatinaseB; GELB; Macrophage gelatinase; MANDP2; Matrix metallopeptidase 9 (gelatinase B, 92kDa gelatinase, 92kDa type IV collagenase); Matrix Metalloproteinase 9; MMP 9; MMP-9; MMP9; MMP9_HUMAN; Type V collagenase;

Immunogens

Immunogen:

Purified recombinant fragment of human MMP9 expressed in E. Coli.

Uniprot:
Gene(ID):
Expression:
P14780 MMP9_HUMAN:

Detected in neutrophils (at protein level) (PubMed:7683678). Produced by normal alveolar macrophages and granulocytes.

Description:
Proteins of the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family are involved in the breakdown of extracellular matrix in normal physiological processes, such as embryonic development, reproduction, and tissue remodeling, as well as in disease processes, such as arthritis and metastasis. Most MMP's are secreted as inactive proproteins which are activated when cleaved by extracellular proteinases. The enzyme encoded by this gene degrades type IV and V collagens. Studies in rhesus monkeys suggest that the enzyme is involved in IL-8-induced mobilization of hematopoietic progenitor cells from bone marrow, and murine studies suggest a role in tumor-associated tissue remodeling.
Sequence:
MSLWQPLVLVLLVLGCCFAAPRQRQSTLVLFPGDLRTNLTDRQLAEEYLYRYGYTRVAEMRGESKSLGPALLLLQKQLSLPETGELDSATLKAMRTPRCGVPDLGRFQTFEGDLKWHHHNITYWIQNYSEDLPRAVIDDAFARAFALWSAVTPLTFTRVYSRDADIVIQFGVAEHGDGYPFDGKDGLLAHAFPPGPGIQGDAHFDDDELWSLGKGVVVPTRFGNADGAACHFPFIFEGRSYSACTTDGRSDGLPWCSTTANYDTDDRFGFCPSERLYTQDGNADGKPCQFPFIFQGQSYSACTTDGRSDGYRWCATTANYDRDKLFGFCPTRADSTVMGGNSAGELCVFPFTFLGKEYSTCTSEGRGDGRLWCATTSNFDSDKKWGFCPDQGYSLFLVAAHEFGHALGLDHSSVPEALMYPMYRFTEGPPLHKDDVNGIRHLYGPRPEPEPRPPTTTTPQPTAPPTVCPTGPPTVHPSERPTAGPTGPPSAGPTGPPTAGPSTATTVPLSPVDDACNVNIFDAIAEIGNQLYLFKDGKYWRFSEGRGSRPQGPFLIADKWPALPRKLDSVFEERLSKKLFFFSGRQVWVYTGASVLGPRRLDKLGLGADVAQVTGALRSGRGKMLLFSGRRLWRFDVKAQMVDPRSASEVDRMFPGVPLDTHDVFQYREKAYFCQDRFYWRVSSRSELNQVDQVGYVTYDILQCPED

PTMs - P14780 As Substrate

Site PTM Type Enzyme
T37 Phosphorylation
C99 S-Nitrosylation
Y241 Phosphorylation
S628 Phosphorylation

Research Backgrounds

Function:

May play an essential role in local proteolysis of the extracellular matrix and in leukocyte migration. Could play a role in bone osteoclastic resorption. Cleaves KiSS1 at a Gly-|-Leu bond. Cleaves type IV and type V collagen into large C-terminal three quarter fragments and shorter N-terminal one quarter fragments. Degrades fibronectin but not laminin or Pz-peptide.

PTMs:

Processing of the precursor yields different active forms of 64, 67 and 82 kDa. Sequentially processing by MMP3 yields the 82 kDa matrix metalloproteinase-9.

N- and O-glycosylated.

Subcellular Location:

Secreted>Extracellular space>Extracellular matrix.

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionSubcellular location
Tissue Specificity:

Detected in neutrophils (at protein level). Produced by normal alveolar macrophages and granulocytes.

Subunit Structure:

Exists as monomer or homodimer; disulfide-linked. Exists also as heterodimer with LCN2. Macrophages and transformed cell lines produce only the monomeric form. Interacts with ECM1.

(Microbial infection) Interacts with Staphylococcus aureus protein SSL5; this interaction inhibits MMP9 activity.

Family&Domains:

The conserved cysteine present in the cysteine-switch motif binds the catalytic zinc ion, thus inhibiting the enzyme. The dissociation of the cysteine from the zinc ion upon the activation-peptide release activates the enzyme.

Belongs to the peptidase M10A family.

Research Fields

· Environmental Information Processing > Signal transduction > TNF signaling pathway.   (View pathway)

· Human Diseases > Drug resistance: Antineoplastic > Endocrine resistance.

· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Viral > Hepatitis B.

· Human Diseases > Cancers: Overview > Pathways in cancer.   (View pathway)

· Human Diseases > Cancers: Overview > Transcriptional misregulation in cancer.

· Human Diseases > Cancers: Overview > Proteoglycans in cancer.

· Human Diseases > Cancers: Overview > MicroRNAs in cancer.

· Human Diseases > Cancers: Specific types > Prostate cancer.   (View pathway)

· Human Diseases > Cancers: Specific types > Bladder cancer.   (View pathway)

· Organismal Systems > Immune system > IL-17 signaling pathway.   (View pathway)

· Organismal Systems > Immune system > Leukocyte transendothelial migration.   (View pathway)

· Organismal Systems > Endocrine system > Estrogen signaling pathway.   (View pathway)

· Organismal Systems > Endocrine system > Relaxin signaling pathway.

Restrictive clause

 

Affinity Biosciences tests all products strictly. Citations are provided as a resource for additional applications that have not been validated by Affinity Biosciences. Please choose the appropriate format for each application and consult Materials and Methods sections for additional details about the use of any product in these publications.

For Research Use Only.
Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures. Not for resale. Not for distribution without written consent. Affinity Biosciences will not be held responsible for patent infringement or other violations that may occur with the use of our products. Affinity Biosciences, Affinity Biosciences Logo and all other trademarks are the property of Affinity Biosciences LTD.