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  • Product Name
    Caspase 3 Antibody
  • Catalog No.
    AF6311
  • RRID
    AB_2835170
  • Source
    Rabbit
  • Application
    WB,IHC,IF/ICC,ELISA(peptide)
  • Reactivity
    Human, Mouse, Rat, Bovine
  • Prediction
    Pig, Bovine, Horse, Sheep, Rabbit, Dog
  • UniProt
  • Mol.Wt
    37kD;
    32kDa(Calculated).
  • Concentration
    1mg/ml
  • Browse similar products>>

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Product Information

Alternative Names:Expand▼

A830040C14Rik; Apopain; CASP-3; CASP3; CASP3_HUMAN; Casp3a; Caspase 3; Caspase 3, apoptosis-related cysteine peptidase; Caspase 3, apoptosis-related cysteine protease; Caspase 3, apoptosis-related cysteine protease a; Caspase-3 subunit p12; CC3; CPP-32; CPP32; CPP32B; Cysteine protease CPP32; EC 3.4.22.56; LICE; mldy; OTTHUMP00000165052; OTTHUMP00000165053; OTTHUMP00000165054; PARP cleavage protease; Procaspase3; protein Yama; SCA 1; SCA-1; SREBP cleavage activity 1; Yama;

Applications:

WB 1:500-1:2000, IHC 1:50-1:200, IF/ICC 1:200, ELISA(peptide) 1:20000-1:40000
*The optimal dilutions should be determined by the end user.

Reactivity:

Human, Mouse, Rat, Bovine

Predicted Reactivity:

Pig, Bovine, Horse, Sheep, Rabbit, Dog

Source:

Rabbit

Clonality:

Polyclonal

Purification:

The antiserum was purified by peptide affinity chromatography using SulfoLink™ Coupling Resin (Thermo Fisher Scientific).

Specificity:

Caspase 3 Antibody detects endogenous levels of total Caspase 3.

RRID:

AB_2835170
Please cite this product as: Affinity Biosciences Cat# AF6311, RRID:AB_2835170.

Format:

Liquid

Concentration:

1mg/ml

Storage Condition and Buffer:

Rabbit IgG in phosphate buffered saline , pH 7.4, 150mM NaCl, 0.02% sodium azide and 50% glycerol.Store at -20 °C.Stable for 12 months from date of receipt.

Immunogen Information in 3D

Immunogen:

A synthesized peptide derived from human Caspase 3, corresponding to a region within the internal amino acids.

Uniprot:



>>Visit The Human Protein Atlas

Gene ID:

Gene Name:

CASP3

Molecular Weight:

Observed Mol.Wt.: 37kD.
Predicted Mol.Wt.: 32kDa(Calculated)..

Subcellular Location:

Cytoplasm.

Tissue Specificity:

P42574 CASP3_HUMAN:
Highly expressed in lung, spleen, heart, liver and kidney. Moderate levels in brain and skeletal muscle, and low in testis. Also found in many cell lines, highest expression in cells of the immune system.

Description:

This gene encodes a protein which is a member of the cysteine-aspartic acid protease (caspase) family. Sequential activation of caspases plays a central role in the execution-phase of cell apoptosis. Caspases exist as inactive proenzymes which undergo proteolytic processing at conserved aspartic residues to produce 2 subunits, large and small, that dimerize to form the active enzyme.

Sequence:
MENTENSVDSKSIKNLEPKIIHGSESMDSGISLDNSYKMDYPEMGLCIIINNKNFHKSTGMTSRSGTDVDAANLRETFRNLKYEVRNKNDLTREEIVELMRDVSKEDHSKRSSFVCVLLSHGEEGIIFGTNGPVDLKKITNFFRGDRCRSLTGKPKLFIIQACRGTELDCGIETDSGVDDDMACHKIPVEADFLYAYSTAPGYYSWRNSKDGSWFIQSLCAMLKQYADKLEFMHILTRVNRKVATEFESFSFDATFHAKKQIPCIVSMLTKELYFYH

Research Background

Function:

Involved in the activation cascade of caspases responsible for apoptosis execution. At the onset of apoptosis it proteolytically cleaves poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) at a '216-Asp-|-Gly-217' bond. Cleaves and activates sterol regulatory element binding proteins (SREBPs) between the basic helix-loop-helix leucine zipper domain and the membrane attachment domain. Cleaves and activates caspase-6, -7 and -9. Involved in the cleavage of huntingtin. Triggers cell adhesion in sympathetic neurons through RET cleavage.

Post-translational Modifications:

Cleavage by granzyme B, caspase-6, caspase-8 and caspase-10 generates the two active subunits. Additional processing of the propeptides is likely due to the autocatalytic activity of the activated protease. Active heterodimers between the small subunit of caspase-7 protease and the large subunit of caspase-3 also occur and vice versa.

S-nitrosylated on its catalytic site cysteine in unstimulated human cell lines and denitrosylated upon activation of the Fas apoptotic pathway, associated with an increase in intracellular caspase activity. Fas therefore activates caspase-3 not only by inducing the cleavage of the caspase zymogen to its active subunits, but also by stimulating the denitrosylation of its active site thiol.

Subcellular Location:

Cytoplasm.

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte

Tissue Specificity:

Highly expressed in lung, spleen, heart, liver and kidney. Moderate levels in brain and skeletal muscle, and low in testis. Also found in many cell lines, highest expression in cells of the immune system.

Subunit Structure:

Heterotetramer that consists of two anti-parallel arranged heterodimers, each one formed by a 17 kDa (p17) and a 12 kDa (p12) subunit. Interacts with BIRC6/bruce.

Similarity:

Belongs to the peptidase C14A family.

Research Fields

Research Fields:

· Cellular Processes > Cell growth and death > p53 signaling pathway.(View pathway)
· Cellular Processes > Cell growth and death > Apoptosis.(View pathway)
· Cellular Processes > Cell growth and death > Apoptosis - multiple species.(View pathway)
· Environmental Information Processing > Signal transduction > MAPK signaling pathway.(View pathway)
· Environmental Information Processing > Signal transduction > TNF signaling pathway.(View pathway)
· Human Diseases > Drug resistance: Antineoplastic > Platinum drug resistance.
· Human Diseases > Endocrine and metabolic diseases > Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).
· Human Diseases > Neurodegenerative diseases > Alzheimer's disease.
· Human Diseases > Neurodegenerative diseases > Parkinson's disease.
· Human Diseases > Neurodegenerative diseases > Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).
· Human Diseases > Neurodegenerative diseases > Huntington's disease.
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Bacterial > Epithelial cell signaling in Helicobacter pylori infection.
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Bacterial > Pertussis.
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Bacterial > Legionellosis.
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Parasitic > Toxoplasmosis.
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Parasitic > Amoebiasis.
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Bacterial > Tuberculosis.
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Viral > Hepatitis B.
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Viral > Human papillomavirus infection.
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Viral > Herpes simplex infection.
· Human Diseases > Cancers: Overview > Pathways in cancer.(View pathway)
· Human Diseases > Cancers: Overview > Viral carcinogenesis.
· Human Diseases > Cancers: Overview > Proteoglycans in cancer.
· Human Diseases > Cancers: Overview > MicroRNAs in cancer.
· Human Diseases > Cancers: Specific types > Colorectal cancer.(View pathway)
· Human Diseases > Cancers: Specific types > Small cell lung cancer.(View pathway)
· Human Diseases > Cardiovascular diseases > Viral myocarditis.
· Organismal Systems > Immune system > Natural killer cell mediated cytotoxicity.(View pathway)
· Organismal Systems > Immune system > IL-17 signaling pathway.(View pathway)
· Organismal Systems > Nervous system > Serotonergic synapse.

Reference Citations:

1). Li X;Wang J;Gong X;Zhang M;Kang S;Shu B;Wei Z;Huang ZS;Li D; et al. Upregulation of BCL-2 by acridone derivative through gene promoter i-motif for alleviating liver damage of NAFLD/NASH. Nucleic Acids Res 2020 Jul 25;gkaa615. (PubMed: 32710621) [IF=11.501]

Application: WB    Species:human;    Sample:HepG2

Figure 4. Effect of A22 on anti-apoptosis in 0.5 mM palmitic acid oil (PA) induced cell model. (A) Effect of A22 on cell viability for anti-apoptotic protective effect. (B) Effect of A22 on transcription of BCL-2 and BAX with measurement of mRNA levels. (C) Effect of A22 on protein expressions related with apoptosis (left), which were quantitatively analyzed (right). All the experiments were repeated for three times.


2). Fan H;Ding R;Liu W;Zhang X;Li R;Wei B;Su S;Jin F;Wei C;He X;Li X;Duan C; et al. Heat shock protein 22 modulates NRF1/TFAM-dependent mitochondrial biogenesis and DRP1-sparked mitochondrial apoptosis through AMPK-PGC1α signaling pathway to alleviate the early brain injury of subarachnoid hemorrhage in rats. Redox Biol 2021 Apr;40:101856. (PubMed: 33472123) [IF=9.986]

3). Wu Y;Jin W;Wang Q;Zhou J;Wang Y;Tan Y;Cui X;Tong F;Yang E;Wang J;Kang C; et al. Precise editing of FGFR3-TACC3 fusion genes with CRISPR-Cas13a in glioblastoma. Mol Ther 2021 Jul 16;S1525-0016(21)00356-7. (PubMed: 34274537) [IF=8.986]

4). Wu H;Hu X;Li Y;Chen Q;Sun T;Qiao Y;Qin W;Wu Z;Fu B;Zhao H;Zhang R;Wei M; et al. LNC473 regulating APAF1 IRES-dependent translation via competitive sponging miR574 and miR15b: Implications in colorectal cancer. Mol Ther Nucleic Acids 2020 Sep 4;21:764-779. (PubMed: 32784109) [IF=7.032]

5). Fan H et al. Bacteroides fragilis Strain ZY-312 Defense against Cronobacter sakazakii-Induced Necrotizing Enterocolitis In Vitro and in a Neonatal Rat Model. mSystems 2019 Aug 6;4(4) (PubMed: 31387931) [IF=6.633]

6). Zhu H et al. CircGCN1L1 promotes synoviocyte proliferation and chondrocyte apoptosis by targeting miR-330-3p and TNF-α in TMJ osteoarthritis. Cell Death Dis 2020 Apr 24;11(4):284 (PubMed: 32332704) [IF=6.304]

7). He Y et al. Quercetin induces autophagy via FOXO1-dependent pathways and autophagy suppression enhances quercetin-induced apoptosis in PASMCs in hypoxia. Free Radic Biol Med 2017 Feb;103:165-176 (PubMed: 27979659) [IF=6.170]

8). He Y et al. Quercetin induces autophagy via FOXO1-dependent pathways and autophagy suppression enhances quercetin-induced apoptosis in PASMCs in hypoxia. Free Radic Biol Med 2017 Feb;103:165-176 (PubMed: 27979659) [IF=6.170]

Application: WB    Species:rat;    Sample:Not available


9). Wang L et al. Development of anisamide-targeted PEGylated gold nanorods to deliver epirubicin for chemo-photothermal therapy in tumor-bearing mice. Int J Nanomedicine 2019 Mar 8;14:1817-1833 (PubMed: 30880982) [IF=5.115]

10). Wang Y;Gao J;Hu S;Zeng W;Yang H;Chen H;Wang S; et al. SLC25A21 Suppresses Cell Growth in Bladder Cancer via an Oxidative Stress-Mediated Mechanism. Front Oncol 2021 Sep 9;11:682710. (PubMed: 34568013) [IF=4.848]

11). Lv C;Gao Y;Yao J;Li Y;Lou Q;Zhang M;Tian Q;Yang Y;Sun D; et al. High Iodine Induces the Proliferation of Papillary and Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer Cells via AKT/Wee1/CDK1 Axis. Front Oncol 2021 Mar 16;11:622085. (PubMed: 33796458) [IF=4.848]

12). Ding J;Wang Q;Guo N;Wang H;Chen H;Ni G;Li P; et al. CircRNA circ_0072995 promotes the progression of epithelial ovarian cancer by modulating miR-147a/CDK6 axis. Aging (Albany NY) 2020 Sep 2;12. (PubMed: 32877369) [IF=4.831]

13). Huang Z;Wang S;Wei H;Chen H;Shen R;Lin R;Wang X;Lan W;Lin R;Lin J; et al. Inhibition of BUB1 suppresses tumorigenesis of osteosarcoma via blocking of PI3K/Akt and ERK pathways. J Cell Mol Med 2021 Aug 1. (PubMed: 34337852) [IF=4.658]

14). Meng X;Zhang J;Wu H;Yu D;Fang X; et al. Akkermansia muciniphila Aspartic Protease Amuc_1434* Inhibits Human Colorectal Cancer LS174T Cell Viability via TRAIL-Mediated Apoptosis Pathway. Int J Mol Sci 2020 May 11;21(9):E3385. (PubMed: 32403433) [IF=4.556]

15). Yu Z;Li Q;Wang Y;Li P; et al. A Potent Protective Effect of Baicalein on Liver Injury by Regulating Mitochondria-Related Apoptosis. Apoptosis 2020 May 14. (PubMed: 32409930) [IF=4.543]

16). Huang Z;Wang S;Wei H;Chen H;Shen R;Lin R;Wang X;Lan W;Lin R;Lin J; et al. Inhibition of BUB1 suppresses tumorigenesis of osteosarcoma via blocking of PI3K/Akt and ERK pathways. J Cell Mol Med 2021 Aug 1. (PubMed: 34337852) [IF=4.486]

17). Xie J et al. 5-aminolevulinic acid photodynamic therapy reduces HPV viral load via autophagy and apoptosis by modulating Ras/Raf/MEK/ERK and PI3K/AKT pathways in HeLa cells. J Photochem Photobiol B 2019 May;194:46-55 (PubMed: 30925276) [IF=4.383]

18). Tian Q et al. Phosphoprotein Gene Contributes to the Enhanced Apoptosis Induced by Wild-Type Rabies Virus GD-SH-01 In Vitro. Front Microbiol 2017 Sep 5;8:1697 (PubMed: 28928726) [IF=4.235]

Application: WB    Species:mouse;    Sample:Not available


19). Lin B;Lu B;Hsieh IY;Liang Z;Sun Z;Yi Y;Lv W;Zhao W;Li J; et al. Synergy of GSK-J4 With Doxorubicin in KRAS-Mutant Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer. Front Pharmacol 2020 May 13;11:632. (PubMed: 32477122) [IF=4.225]

20). Zhu H et al. Synthesis of Chalcone Derivatives: Inducing Apoptosis of HepG2 Cells via Regulating Reactive Oxygen Species and Mitochondrial Pathway. Front Pharmacol 2019 Nov 15;10:1341 (PubMed: 31803052) [IF=4.225]

21). Dai Z et al. Carnosine ameliorates age-related dementia via improving mitochondrial dysfunction in SAMP8 mice. Food Funct 2020 Mar 5 (PubMed: 32134423) [IF=4.171]

22). Jia Y;Zhao J;Yang J;Shao J;Cai Z; et al. MiR-301 regulates the SIRT1/SOX2 pathway via CPEB1 in the breast cancer progression. Mol Ther Oncolytics 2021 Mar 13;22:13-26. (PubMed: 34377766) [IF=4.115]

23). Yuan Y et al. Regulation of Signaling Pathways Involved in the Anti-proliferative and Apoptosis-inducing Effects of M22 against Non-small Cell Lung Adenocarcinoma A549 Cells. Sci Rep 2018 Jan 17;8(1):992 (PubMed: 29343765) [IF=3.998]

24). Yuan Y et al. Regulation of Signaling Pathways Involved in the Anti-proliferative and Apoptosis-inducing Effects of M22 against Non-small Cell Lung Adenocarcinoma A549 Cells. Sci Rep 2018 Jan 17;8(1):992 (PubMed: 29343765) [IF=3.998]

25). Zhai Z et al. Andrographolide prevents human breast cancer-induced osteoclastic bone loss via attenuated RANKL signaling. Breast Cancer Res Treat 2014 Feb;144(1):33-45 (PubMed: 24481680) [IF=3.831]

26). Bai Y et al. BCL2L10 inhibits growth and metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma both in vitro and in vivo. Mol Carcinog 2017 Mar;56(3):1137-1149 (PubMed: 27770580) [IF=3.825]

Application: WB    Species:mouse;    Sample:Not available

Figure 3. BCL2L10 induced cell apoptosis and inhibited tumor growth in nude mice. (A) BCL2L10 induced apoptosis in HepG2 and Huh7 cells, as determined by flow cytometry analysis following Annexin V and PI staining. The upper panel represents FACS images of HCC cells transfected with empty vector or BCL2L10, while the lower panel shows the quantitative analyses of early apoptotic and late apoptotic cells. The experiment was repeated three times in triplicate. Data are mean ± SD. (B) Protein expression of the active forms of apoptosis related genes caspase 3, caspase 8, and caspase 9 was evaluated by Western blot.


27). He Y et al. Apigenin attenuates pulmonary hypertension by inducing mitochondria-dependent apoptosis of PASMCs via inhibiting the hypoxia inducible factor 1α-KV1.5 channel pathway. Chem Biol Interact 2020 Jan 10:108942 (PubMed: 31930969) [IF=3.723]

28). Liu Y;Huang J;Yu N;Wei S;Liu Z; et al. Involvement of WNT2 in trophoblast cell behavior in preeclampsia development. Cell Cycle 2020 Aug 11;1-9. (PubMed: 32779546) [IF=3.699]

29). Zhou J et al. MicroRNA-145 overexpression attenuates apoptosis and increases matrix synthesis in nucleus pulposus cells. Life Sci 2019 Feb 20 (PubMed: 30797016) [IF=3.647]

30). Yu G et al. The protective effect of low-energy shock wave on testicular ischemia-reperfusion injury is mediated by the PI3K/AKT/NRF2 pathway. Life Sci 2018 Oct 12 (PubMed: 30321543) [IF=3.647]

31). Li M;Xue Y;Yu H;Mao D; et al. Quercetin Alleviated H 2 O 2 -Induced Apoptosis and Steroidogenic Impairment in Goat Luteinized Granulosa Cells. J Biochem Mol Toxicol 2020 May 15;e22527. (PubMed: 32410385) [IF=3.606]

32). Li AD et al. TGR5 promotes cholangiocarcinoma by interacting with mortalin. Exp Cell Res 2020 Jan 21:111855 (PubMed: 31978385) [IF=3.383]

33). Wei X;Xu L;Jeddo SF;Li K;Li X;Li J; et al. MARK2 enhances cisplatin resistance via PI3K/AKT/NF-κB signaling pathway in osteosarcoma cells. Am J Transl Res 2020 May 15;12(5):1807-1823. (PubMed: 32509178) [IF=3.375]

34). Yin Q;Gu J;Qi Y;Lu Y;Yang L;Liu J;Liang X; et al. ADAM28 from both endothelium and gastric cancer cleaves von Willebrand Factor to eliminate von Willebrand Factor-induced apoptosis of gastric cancer cells. Eur J Pharmacol 2021 Mar 3;173994. (PubMed: 33675784) [IF=3.263]

35). Fang M;Xu T;Fan S;Liu N;Li L;Gao J;Li W; et al. SOX11 and FAK participate in the stretch‑induced mechanical injury to alveolar type 2 epithelial cells. Int J Mol Med 2021 Jan;47(1):361-373. (PubMed: 33236128) [IF=3.098]

36). Wang M;Zhu CQ;Zeng L;Cheng L;Ma L;Zhang M;Zhang YZ; et al. Melatonin regulates the cross-talk between autophagy and apoptosis by SIRT3 in testicular Leydig cells. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2021 Apr 3;555:182-189. (PubMed: 33823364)

37). Pan L et al. The cardiac glycoside oleandrin induces apoptosis in human colon cancer cells via the mitochondrial pathway. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol 2017 Jul;80(1):91-100 (PubMed: 28597038)

Application: WB    Species:human;    Sample:SW480


38). Chen WS et al. Investigation of dacomitinib on reducing cell necrosis and enhancing cell apoptosis in C6 glioma rat model by MRI. Biosci Rep 2019 Mar 6;39(3) (PubMed: 30782784)

39). Song J et al. Protective effect of Berberine on reproductive function and spermatogenesis in diabetic rats via inhibition of ROS/JAK2/NFκB pathway. Andrology 2020 Feb 3 (PubMed: 32012485)

40). Chen W et al. MicroRNA-214 protects L6 skeletal myoblasts against hydrogen peroxide-induced apoptosis. Free Radic Res 2020 Mar 5:1-11 (PubMed: 32131653)

41). Shang J et al. CircPAN3 mediates drug resistance in acute myeloid leukemia through the miR-153-5p/miR-183-5p-XIAP axis. Exp Hematol 2018 Nov 2 (PubMed: 30395908)

42). Zhu CL et al. Overexpression of the SMYD3 Promotes Proliferation, Migration, and Invasion of Pancreatic Cancer. Dig Dis Sci 2019 Aug 22 (PubMed: 31441002)

43). Qiuli H et al. [EXPRESS] Endoplasmic reticulum stress promoting caspase signaling pathway dependent apoptosis contributes to bone cancer pain in the spinal dorsal horn. Mol Pain 2019 Aug 27:1744806919876150 (PubMed: 31452457)

44). Han J;Bai Y;Wang J;Xie XL;Li AD;Ding Q;Cui ZJ;Yin J;Jiang XY;Jiang HQ; et al. REC8 promotes tumor migration, invasion and angiogenesis by targeting the PKA pathway in hepatocellular carcinoma. Clin Exp Med 2021 Mar 7. (PubMed: 33677646)

45). Chen D et al. Quxie Capsule Inhibits Colon Tumor Growth Partially Through Foxo1-Mediated Apoptosis and Immune Modulation. Integr Cancer Ther 2019 Jan-Dec;18:1534735419846377 (PubMed: 31030593)

46). Wu Q;Chen J;Hu X;Zhu Y;Xie S;Wu C;Pei Z;Xiong S;Peng Y; et al. Amphiregulin Alleviated Concanavalin A-induced Acute Liver Injury via IL-22. Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol 2020 Aug 17;1-28. (PubMed: 32806961)

47). Shang J et al. CircPAN3 contributes to drug resistance in acute myeloid leukemia through regulation of autophagy. Leuk Res 2019 Aug 2;85:106198 (PubMed: 31401408)

48). Zhang SH et al. Ferulic acid ameliorates pentylenetetrazol-induced seizures by reducing neuron cell death. Epilepsy Res 2019 Aug 5;156:106183 (PubMed: 31404716)

49). Wu Y;Cui H;Zhang Y;Yu P;Li Y;Wu D;Xue Y;Fu W; et al. Inonotus obliquus extract alleviates myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury by suppressing endoplasmic reticulum stress. Mol Med Rep 2021 Jan;23(1):77. (PubMed: 33236154)

50). Mao X et al. Inhibitors of PARP-1 exert inhibitory effects on the biological characteristics of hepatocellular carcinoma cells in vitro. Mol Med Rep 2017 Jul;16(1):208-214 (PubMed: 28498459)

Application: WB    Species:human;    Sample:HepG2

Figure 4. Effects of different concentrations of AG014699 and BSI‑201 on protein levels of Caspase 3, Caspase 8, Bax and Bcl‑2 in HepG2 cells.(A) Blots showing proteins in cells treated with AGO14699 and (B) quantification. (C) Blots showing proteins in cells treated with (C) BSI‑201 and (D) quantification. * P<0.05, compared with the control group; ∆P<0.05, compared with the low dose group; ∆∆P<0.05, compared with the middle dose group. CTRL, control; Bcl‑2, B‑cell lymphoma 2; BAX, Bcl‑2‑associated X protein.


51). Zou Y;Liu Q;Guo P;Huang Y;Ye Z;Hu J; et al. Anti‑chondrocyte apoptosis effect of genistein in treating inflammation‑induced osteoarthritis. Mol Med Rep 2020 Jun 18. (PubMed: 32582961)

52). Li Y et al. Theaflavic acid from black tea protects PC12 cells against ROS-mediated mitochondrial apoptosis induced by OGD/R via activating Nrf2/ARE signaling pathway. J Nat Med 2019 Jun 21 (PubMed: 31227974)

53). Zhao J;Han Y;Wang Z;Zhang R;Wang G;Mao Y; et al. Alginate oligosaccharide protects endothelial cells against oxidative stress injury via integrin-α/FAK/PI3K signaling. Biotechnol Lett 2020 Sep 28. (PubMed: 32986180)

54). Hong C;Tang Y;Hu X;Song X;Cai Y;Song Z;Kang F; et al. Partial deficiency of HIF-1α in chondrocytes effected bone repair of mandibular condylar neck. Arch Oral Biol 2020 Dec 8;122:105023. (PubMed: 33348208)

55). Cui P;Wang Y;Li Y;Ge L; et al. Vitamin D Attenuates Hypoxia-Induced Injury in Rat Primary Neuron Cells through Downregulation of the Dual Oxidase 1 (DUOX1) Gene. Med Sci Monit 2020 Jul 26;26:e925350. (PubMed: 32712621)

56). Huankai Yao et al. Protective effects of hederagenic acid on PC12 cells against the OGD/R-induced apoptosis via activating Nrf2/ARE signaling pathway. Med Chem Res 2020 Jan

57). Wang H et al. Baicalin extracted from Huangqin (Radix Scutellariae Baicalensis) induces apoptosis in gastric cancer cells by regulating B cell lymphoma (Bcl-2)/Bcl-2-associated X protein and activating caspase-3 and caspase-9. J Tradit Chin Med 2017 Apr;37(2):229-5 (PubMed: 29960296)

58). Wu X;Liu Y;Zhu L;Wang Y;Ren Y;Cheng B;Ren L;Ge K;Li H; et al. Cerebroprotein Hydrolysate-I Inhibits Hippocampal Neuronal Apoptosis by Activating PI3K/Akt Signaling Pathway in Vascular Dementia Mice. Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 2021 Jul 17;17:2359-2368. (PubMed: 34305399)

59). Cui P;Wang Y;Li Y;Ge L; et al. Vitamin D Attenuates Hypoxia-Induced Injury in Rat Primary Neuron Cells through Downregulation of the Dual Oxidase 1 (DUOX1) Gene. Med Sci Monit 2020 Jul 26;26:e925350. (PubMed: 32712621)

60). Song Y et al. AMPK activation-dependent autophagy compromises oleanolic acid-induced cytotoxicity in human bladder cancer cells. Oncotarget 2017 Jul 4;8(40):67942-67954 (PubMed: 28978086)

Application: WB    Species:human;    Sample:Not available


61). et al. Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells-Derived Exosomes Promote Osteoporosis and Osteoblast Proliferation by Inhibiting Bax/Bcl-2/Caspase Signaling Pathway.

62). et al. Soybean antigen protein induces caspase-3/mitochondrion-regulated apoptosis in IPEC-J2 cells.

63). et al. Regulation of RUNX3 expression by DNA methylation in prostate cancer.

64). et al. Long non‑coding RNA B3GALT5‑AS1 contributes to the progression of gastric cancer via interacting with CSNK2A1.

65). et al. Pyrvinium pamoate can overcome artemisinin’s resistance in anaplastic thyroid cancer.

66). et al. HINT1 is involved in the chronic mild stress elicited oxidative stress and apoptosis through the PKC ε/ALDH-2/4HNE pathway in prefrontal cortex of rats.

67). et al. Toxicity Investigation of Nano-SiO2 on Male Reproductive System in Pubertal Mice.

68). et al. Combined Treatment of Cinobufotalin and Gefitinib Exhibits Potent Efficacy against Lung Cancer.

69). et al. Dihydroartemisinin inhibits the tumorigenesis and invasion of gastric cancer by regulating STAT1/KDR/MMP9 and P53/BCL2L1/CASP3/7 pathways.

70). et al. Cytotoxicity of adducts formed between quercetin and methylglyoxal in PC-12 cells.

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Catalog Number :

AF6311-BP
(Blocking peptide available as AF6311-BP)

Price/Size :

$350/1mg.
Tips: For phospho antibody, we provide phospho peptide(0.5mg) and non-phospho peptide(0.5mg).

Function :

Blocking peptides are peptides that bind specifically to the target antibody and block antibody binding. These peptide usually contains the epitope recognized by the antibody. Antibodies bound to the blocking peptide no longer bind to the epitope on the target protein. This mechanism is useful when non-specific binding is an issue, for example, in Western blotting (immunoblot) and immunohistochemistry (IHC). By comparing the staining from the blocked antibody versus the antibody alone, one can see which staining is specific; Specific binding will be absent from the western blot or immunostaining performed with the neutralized antibody.

Format and storage :

Synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml DI water for a final concentration of 10 mg/ml.The purity is >90%,tested by HPLC and MS.Storage Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.

Precautions :

This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.

Bovine
100%
Sheep
100%
Dog
100%
Rabbit
100%
Pig
86%
Horse
86%
Chicken
75%
Xenopus
63%
Zebrafish
0%
High similarity Medium similarity Low similarity No similarity
P42574 as Substrate
Site PTM Type Enzyme
M1 Acetylation
T4 Phosphorylation
S7 Phosphorylation
S10 Phosphorylation
K11 Acetylation
K11 Ubiquitination
S12 Phosphorylation
K14 Ubiquitination
K19 Ubiquitination
S24 Phosphorylation
S26 Phosphorylation
S29 Phosphorylation
Y41 Phosphorylation
K57 Ubiquitination
S65 Phosphorylation
T67 Phosphorylation
K82 Acetylation
K82 Ubiquitination
K88 Ubiquitination
K105 Ubiquitination
K138 Ubiquitination
S150 Phosphorylation Q16539 (MAPK14)
T152 Phosphorylation
C163 S-Nitrosylation
T174 Phosphorylation
S176 Phosphorylation
K210 Ubiquitination
K229 Ubiquitination
S249 Phosphorylation
K260 Ubiquitination
T270 Phosphorylation
IMPORTANT: For western blots, incubate membrane with diluted antibody in 5% w/v milk , 1X TBS, 0.1% Tween®20 at 4°C with gentle shaking, overnight.

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