Product: PPAR gamma Antibody
Catalog: AF6284
Source: Rabbit
Application: WB, IHC, IF/ICC, ELISA(peptide)
Reactivity: Human, Mouse, Rat
Prediction: Pig, Bovine, Horse, Sheep, Rabbit, Dog
Mol.Wt.: 57kD; 58kD(Calculated).
Uniprot: P37231
RRID: AB_2835135

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Product Info

Source:
Rabbit
Application:
WB 1:500-1:2000, IHC 1:50-1:200, IF/ICC 1:100-1:500, ELISA(peptide) 1:20000-1:40000
*The optimal dilutions should be determined by the end user.
Reactivity:
Human,Mouse,Rat
Prediction:
Pig(92%), Bovine(92%), Horse(100%), Sheep(92%), Rabbit(100%), Dog(100%)
Clonality:
Polyclonal
Specificity:
PPAR gamma Antibody detects endogenous levels of total PPAR gamma.
RRID:
AB_2835135
Cite Format: Affinity Biosciences Cat# AF6284, RRID:AB_2835135.
Purification:
The antiserum was purified by peptide affinity chromatography using SulfoLink™ Coupling Resin (Thermo Fisher Scientific).
Storage:
Rabbit IgG in phosphate buffered saline , pH 7.4, 150mM NaCl, 0.02% sodium azide and 50% glycerol. Store at -20 °C. Stable for 12 months from date of receipt.
Alias:

Fold/Unfold

CIMT1; GLM1; NR1C3; Nuclear receptor subfamily 1 group C member 3; OTTHUMP00000185032; OTTHUMP00000185036; Peroxisome proliferator activated nuclear receptor gamma variant 1; Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma 1; Peroxisome Proliferator Activated Receptor gamma; Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma; PPAR gamma; PPAR-gamma; PPARG; PPARG_HUMAN; PPARG1; PPARG2; PPARgamma;

Immunogens

Immunogen:
Uniprot:
Gene(ID):
Expression:
P37231 PPARG_HUMAN:

Highest expression in adipose tissue. Lower in skeletal muscle, spleen, heart and liver. Also detectable in placenta, lung and ovary.

Description:
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) subfamily of nuclear receptors. PPARs form heterodimers with retinoid X receptors (RXRs) and these heterodimers regulate transcription of various genes. Three subtypes of PPARs are known: PPAR-alpha, PPAR-delta, and PPAR-gamma.
Sequence:
MGETLGDSPIDPESDSFTDTLSANISQEMTMVDTEMPFWPTNFGISSVDLSVMEDHSHSFDIKPFTTVDFSSISTPHYEDIPFTRTDPVVADYKYDLKLQEYQSAIKVEPASPPYYSEKTQLYNKPHEEPSNSLMAIECRVCGDKASGFHYGVHACEGCKGFFRRTIRLKLIYDRCDLNCRIHKKSRNKCQYCRFQKCLAVGMSHNAIRFGRMPQAEKEKLLAEISSDIDQLNPESADLRALAKHLYDSYIKSFPLTKAKARAILTGKTTDKSPFVIYDMNSLMMGEDKIKFKHITPLQEQSKEVAIRIFQGCQFRSVEAVQEITEYAKSIPGFVNLDLNDQVTLLKYGVHEIIYTMLASLMNKDGVLISEGQGFMTREFLKSLRKPFGDFMEPKFEFAVKFNALELDDSDLAIFIAVIILSGDRPGLLNVKPIEDIQDNLLQALELQLKLNHPESSQLFAKLLQKMTDLRQIVTEHVQLLQVIKKTETDMSLHPLLQEIYKDLY

Predictions

Predictions:

Score>80(red) has high confidence and is suggested to be used for WB detection. *The prediction model is mainly based on the alignment of immunogen sequences, the results are for reference only, not as the basis of quality assurance.

Species
Results
Score
Horse
100
Dog
100
Rabbit
100
Pig
92
Bovine
92
Sheep
92
Xenopus
69
Zebrafish
62
Chicken
0
Model Confidence:
High(score>80) Medium(80>score>50) Low(score<50) No confidence

PTMs - P37231 As Substrate

Site PTM Type Enzyme
Y78 Phosphorylation
Y95 Phosphorylation
Y102 Phosphorylation
K107 Sumoylation
S112 Phosphorylation P50750 (CDK9) , P45983 (MAPK8) , P50613 (CDK7) , Q02750 (MAP2K1) , P27361 (MAPK3) , P28482 (MAPK1)
K184 Ubiquitination
K185 Ubiquitination
T269 Phosphorylation
S273 Phosphorylation Q00535 (CDK5)
K395 Sumoylation

Research Backgrounds

Function:

Nuclear receptor that binds peroxisome proliferators such as hypolipidemic drugs and fatty acids. Once activated by a ligand, the nuclear receptor binds to DNA specific PPAR response elements (PPRE) and modulates the transcription of its target genes, such as acyl-CoA oxidase. It therefore controls the peroxisomal beta-oxidation pathway of fatty acids. Key regulator of adipocyte differentiation and glucose homeostasis. ARF6 acts as a key regulator of the tissue-specific adipocyte P2 (aP2) enhancer. Acts as a critical regulator of gut homeostasis by suppressing NF-kappa-B-mediated proinflammatory responses. Plays a role in the regulation of cardiovascular circadian rhythms by regulating the transcription of ARNTL/BMAL1 in the blood vessels (By similarity).

(Microbial infection) Upon treatment with M.tuberculosis or its lipoprotein LpqH, phosphorylation of MAPK p38 and IL-6 production are modulated, probably via this protein.

PTMs:

O-GlcNAcylation at Thr-84 reduces transcriptional activity in adipocytes.

Phosphorylated in basal conditions and dephosphorylated when treated with the ligand. May be dephosphorylated by PPP5C. The phosphorylated form may be inactive and dephosphorylation at Ser-112 induces adipogenic activity (By similarity).

Subcellular Location:

Nucleus. Cytoplasm.
Note: Redistributed from the nucleus to the cytosol through a MAP2K1/MEK1-dependent manner. NOCT enhances its nuclear translocation.

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionSubcellular location
Tissue Specificity:

Highest expression in adipose tissue. Lower in skeletal muscle, spleen, heart and liver. Also detectable in placenta, lung and ovary.

Subunit Structure:

Interacts with FOXO1 (acetylated form) (By similarity). Heterodimer with other nuclear receptors, such as RXRA. The heterodimer with the retinoic acid receptor RXRA is called adipocyte-specific transcription factor ARF6. Interacts with NCOA6 coactivator, leading to a strong increase in transcription of target genes. Interacts with coactivator PPARBP, leading to a mild increase in transcription of target genes. Interacts with NOCA7 in a ligand-inducible manner. Interacts with NCOA1 and NCOA2 LXXLL motifs. Interacts with ASXL1, ASXL2, DNTTIP2, FAM120B, MAP2K1/MEK1, NR0B2, PDPK1, PRDM16, PRMT2 and TGFB1I1. Interacts (when activated by agonist) with PPP5C. Interacts with HELZ2 and THRAP3; the interaction stimulates the transcriptional activity of PPARG. Interacts with PER2, the interaction is ligand dependent and blocks PPARG recruitment to target promoters. Interacts with NOCT. Interacts with ACTN4. Interacts (when in the liganded conformation) with GPS2 (By similarity). Interacts with CRY1 and CRY2 in a ligand-dependent manner (By similarity). In the absence of hormonal ligand, interacts with TACC1.

Family&Domains:

The 9aaTAD motif is a transactivation domain present in a large number of yeast and animal transcription factors.

Belongs to the nuclear hormone receptor family. NR1 subfamily.

Research Fields

· Environmental Information Processing > Signal transduction > AMPK signaling pathway.   (View pathway)

· Human Diseases > Neurodegenerative diseases > Huntington's disease.

· Human Diseases > Cancers: Overview > Pathways in cancer.   (View pathway)

· Human Diseases > Cancers: Overview > Transcriptional misregulation in cancer.

· Human Diseases > Cancers: Specific types > Thyroid cancer.   (View pathway)

· Organismal Systems > Endocrine system > PPAR signaling pathway.

· Organismal Systems > Aging > Longevity regulating pathway.   (View pathway)

· Organismal Systems > Development > Osteoclast differentiation.   (View pathway)

References

1). Yang B et al. Mucin 17 inhibits the progression of human gastric cancer by limiting inflammatory responses through a MYH9-p53-RhoA regulatory feedback loop. J Exp Clin Cancer Res 2019 Jul 1;38(1):283 (PubMed: 31262330) [IF=7.068]

Application: WB    Species: human    Sample: AGS cells and MKN45 cells

Fig. 5| MUC17 protects GC cells against inflammatory stimulation by regulating the p38 pathway. a MUC17 regulated the expression of pJNK,pERK, and pp38 MAPK in MUC17 knocked-down AGS cells (left) and truncated MUC17 overexpressed MKN45 cells (right).b The effect of the p38 inhibitor SB203580 on the expression of NFκB pathway proteins and G2/M phase arrest markers in MUC17 knocked-down AGS cells (left) and truncated MUC17 overexpressed MKN45 cells (right).

2). Hu X et al. Identification of zinc finger protein Bcl6 as a novel regulator of early adipose commitment. Open Biol 2016 Jun;6(6) (PubMed: 27251748) [IF=4.931]

3). Wang T et al. miR-100-3p inhibits the adipogenic differentiation of hMSCs by targeting PIK3R1 via the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. Aging (Albany NY) 2020 Nov 20;12. (PubMed: 33221758) [IF=4.831]

4). Zhao XX et al. Reactive Oxygen Species-Responsive Polyether Micelle Nanomaterials for Targeted Treatment of Ulcerative Colitis. J Biomed Nanotechnol 2022 Jan 1;18(1):120-131. (PubMed: 35180905) [IF=4.483]

5). Lin Y et al. Therapeutic role of D-pinitol on experimental colitis via activating Nrf2/ARE and PPAR-γ/NF-κB signaling pathways. Food Funct 2021 Mar 21;12(6):2554-2568. (PubMed: 33625409) [IF=4.171]

6). Li S et al. Clevudine attenuates bleomycin-induced early pulmonary fibrosis via regulating M2 macrophage polarization. Int Immunopharmacol 2021 Oct 23;101(Pt B):108271. (PubMed: 34700113) [IF=3.943]

7). Li L et al. Genetic and pharmacological inhibition of fatty acid-binding protein 4 alleviated inflammation and early fibrosis after toxin induced kidney injury. Int Immunopharmacol 2021 Jul;96:107760. (PubMed: 33991998) [IF=3.943]

8). Song T et al. GPR120 promotes adipogenesis through intracellular calcium and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 signal pathway. Mol Cell Endocrinol 2016 Oct 15;434:1-13 (PubMed: 27302893) [IF=3.871]

Application: WB    Species:    Sample:


9). Yang Y et al. E4BP4 mediates glucocorticoid-regulated adipogenesis through COX2. Mol Cell Endocrinol 2017 Jul 15;450:43-53 (PubMed: 28416324) [IF=3.871]

Application: WB    Species: mouse    Sample:

Fig. 3. E4BP4 mediates the actions of glucocorticoid in adipocyte formation. (a, b) The adipogenic phenotypes of 3T3-L1 cells transfected with pCDNA3.1-E4BP4 or control after induction by MI for 6 days were assessed by ORO staining. (b) Triglyceride accumulation was quantified and normalized to protein amount. (c) The mRNA levels of PPARg2, aP2, adiponectin, and LPL at day 6 were detected by qPCR. (d) The protein levels of PPARg and aP2 at day 6 were measured by Western blot. (e) The adipogenic phenotypes of 3T3-L1 cells transfected with siE4BP4 or control after being induced by DEX only for 6 days were assessed by ORO staining. (f) Triglyceride accumulation was quantified and normalized to protein amount. (g) qPCR analysis of PPARg2, aP2, adiponectin, and LPL. (h) Western blot analysis of PPARg and aP2. The results are expressed as mean ± SD (n ¼ 3); *P < 0.05 and **P < 0.01 indicate significant difference from the control.

10). Min Zhao et al. HuoXueTongFu Formula Alleviates Intraperitoneal Adhesion by Regulating Macrophage Polarization and the SOCS/JAK2/STAT/PPAR-γ Signalling Pathway. MEDIAT INFLAMM 2019, Article ID 1769374, 17 pages [IF=3.758]

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