Product: Phospho-DRP1 (Ser616) Antibody
Catalog: DF2972
Source: Rabbit
Application: WB, ELISA(peptide)
Reactivity: Human, Mouse
Prediction: Pig, Zebrafish, Bovine, Horse, Sheep, Rabbit, Dog, Chicken
Mol.Wt.: 82 kD; 82kD(Calculated).
Uniprot: O00429
RRID: AB_2840952

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Product Info

Source:
Rabbit
Application:
WB 1:1000-3000, ELISA(peptide) 1:20000-1:40000
*The optimal dilutions should be determined by the end user.
Reactivity:
Human,Mouse
Prediction:
Pig(100%), Zebrafish(83%), Bovine(100%), Horse(100%), Sheep(100%), Rabbit(100%), Dog(100%), Chicken(83%)
Clonality:
Polyclonal
Specificity:
Phospho-DRP1 (Ser616) Antibody detects endogenous levels of DRP1 only when phosphorylated at Ser616.
RRID:
AB_2840952
Cite Format: Affinity Biosciences Cat# DF2972, RRID:AB_2840952.
Purification:
The antibody is from purified rabbit serum by affinity purification via sequential chromatography on phospho-peptide and non-phospho-peptide affinity columns.
Storage:
Rabbit IgG in phosphate buffered saline , pH 7.4, 150mM NaCl, 0.02% sodium azide and 50% glycerol. Store at -20 °C. Stable for 12 months from date of receipt.
Alias:

Fold/Unfold

DLP1; dnm1l; DNM1L_HUMAN; Dnm1p/Vps1p-like protein; dnml1; DRP1; DVLP; Dymple; Dynamin 1 like; Dynamin family member proline-rich carboxyl-terminal domain less; Dynamin like protein; Dynamin related protein 1; Dynamin-1-like protein; Dynamin-like protein 4; Dynamin-like protein; Dynamin-like protein IV; Dynamin-related protein 1; DYNIV 11; EMPF; EMPF1; FLJ41912; HdynIV; VPS1;

Immunogens

Immunogen:
Uniprot:
Gene(ID):
Expression:
O00429 DNM1L_HUMAN:

Ubiquitously expressed with highest levels found in skeletal muscles, heart, kidney and brain. Isoform 1 is brain-specific. Isoform 2 and isoform 3 are predominantly expressed in testis and skeletal muscles respectively. Isoform 4 is weakly expressed in brain, heart and kidney. Isoform 5 is dominantly expressed in liver, heart and kidney. Isoform 6 is expressed in neurons.

Sequence:
MEALIPVINKLQDVFNTVGADIIQLPQIVVVGTQSSGKSSVLESLVGRDLLPRGTGIVTRRPLILQLVHVSQEDKRKTTGEENGVEAEEWGKFLHTKNKLYTDFDEIRQEIENETERISGNNKGVSPEPIHLKIFSPNVVNLTLVDLPGMTKVPVGDQPKDIELQIRELILRFISNPNSIILAVTAANTDMATSEALKISREVDPDGRRTLAVITKLDLMDAGTDAMDVLMGRVIPVKLGIIGVVNRSQLDINNKKSVTDSIRDEYAFLQKKYPSLANRNGTKYLARTLNRLLMHHIRDCLPELKTRINVLAAQYQSLLNSYGEPVDDKSATLLQLITKFATEYCNTIEGTAKYIETSELCGGARICYIFHETFGRTLESVDPLGGLNTIDILTAIRNATGPRPALFVPEVSFELLVKRQIKRLEEPSLRCVELVHEEMQRIIQHCSNYSTQELLRFPKLHDAIVEVVTCLLRKRLPVTNEMVHNLVAIELAYINTKHPDFADACGLMNNNIEEQRRNRLARELPSAVSRDKSSKVPSALAPASQEPSPAASAEADGKLIQDSRRETKNVASGGGGVGDGVQEPTTGNWRGMLKTSKAEELLAEEKSKPIPIMPASPQKGHAVNLLDVPVPVARKLSAREQRDCEVIERLIKSYFLIVRKNIQDSVPKAVMHFLVNHVKDTLQSELVGQLYKSSLLDDLLTESEDMAQRRKEAADMLKALQGASQIIAEIRETHLW

Predictions

Predictions:

Score>80(red) has high confidence and is suggested to be used for WB detection. *The prediction model is mainly based on the alignment of immunogen sequences, the results are for reference only, not as the basis of quality assurance.

Species
Results
Score
Pig
100
Horse
100
Bovine
100
Sheep
100
Dog
100
Rabbit
100
Zebrafish
83
Chicken
83
Xenopus
0
Model Confidence:
High(score>80) Medium(80>score>50) Low(score<50) No confidence

PTMs - O00429 As Substrate

Site PTM Type Enzyme
M1 Acetylation
S40 Phosphorylation P49841 (GSK3B)
S44 Phosphorylation P49841 (GSK3B)
T78 Phosphorylation
T79 Phosphorylation
K92 Ubiquitination
K97 Ubiquitination
K99 Ubiquitination
T102 Phosphorylation
R108 Methylation
K123 Ubiquitination
S126 Phosphorylation
K133 Ubiquitination
S136 Phosphorylation
K160 Ubiquitination
S179 Phosphorylation
T193 Phosphorylation
S200 Phosphorylation
K238 Ubiquitination
K255 Ubiquitination
K256 Ubiquitination
Y266 Phosphorylation
K271 Ubiquitination
K272 Ubiquitination
K283 Acetylation
S330 Phosphorylation
C361 S-Nitrosylation
C367 S-Nitrosylation
Y368 Phosphorylation
T394 Phosphorylation
T400 Phosphorylation
S412 Phosphorylation
Y449 Phosphorylation
S529 Phosphorylation
K532 Sumoylation
K535 Sumoylation
K535 Ubiquitination
S544 Phosphorylation
S548 Phosphorylation
S552 Phosphorylation
K558 Sumoylation
K568 Sumoylation
K568 Ubiquitination
S572 Phosphorylation
T586 Phosphorylation
K594 Sumoylation
T595 Phosphorylation
K597 Sumoylation
K597 Ubiquitination
K606 Sumoylation
S607 Phosphorylation
K608 Sumoylation
S616 Phosphorylation P06493 (CDK1) , P28482 (MAPK1) , P27361 (MAPK3) , Q05655 (PRKCD) , Q00535 (CDK5) , P24941 (CDK2)
S637 Phosphorylation P17612 (PRKACA) , Q13464 (ROCK1) , Q13131 (PRKAA1)
C644 S-Nitrosylation
S693 Phosphorylation P49841 (GSK3B)
T701 Phosphorylation
S724 Phosphorylation

Research Backgrounds

Function:

Functions in mitochondrial and peroxisomal division. Mediates membrane fission through oligomerization into membrane-associated tubular structures that wrap around the scission site to constrict and sever the mitochondrial membrane through a GTP hydrolysis-dependent mechanism. The specific recruitment at scission sites is mediated by membrane receptors like MFF, MIEF1 and MIEF2 for mitochondrial membranes. While the recruitment by the membrane receptors is GTP-dependent, the following hydrolysis of GTP induces the dissociation from the receptors and allows DNM1L filaments to curl into closed rings that are probably sufficient to sever a double membrane. Through its function in mitochondrial division, ensures the survival of at least some types of postmitotic neurons, including Purkinje cells, by suppressing oxidative damage. Required for normal brain development, including that of cerebellum. Facilitates developmentally regulated apoptosis during neural tube formation. Required for a normal rate of cytochrome c release and caspase activation during apoptosis; this requirement may depend upon the cell type and the physiological apoptotic cues. Plays an important role in mitochondrial fission during mitosis. Required for formation of endocytic vesicles. Proposed to regulate synaptic vesicle membrane dynamics through association with BCL2L1 isoform Bcl-X(L) which stimulates its GTPase activity in synaptic vesicles; the function may require its recruitment by MFF to clathrin-containing vesicles. Required for programmed necrosis execution. Rhythmic control of its activity following phosphorylation at Ser-637 is essential for the circadian control of mitochondrial ATP production.

Inhibits peroxisomal division when overexpressed.

Inhibits peroxisomal division when overexpressed.

PTMs:

Phosphorylation/dephosphorylation events on two sites near the GED domain regulate mitochondrial fission. Phosphorylation on Ser-637 inhibits the GTPase activity, leading to a defect in mitochondrial fission promoting mitochondrial elongation. Dephosphorylated on this site by PPP3CA which promotes mitochondrial fission. Phosphorylation on Ser-616 activates the GTPase activity and promotes mitochondrial fission. Phosphorylated in a circadian manner at Ser-637.

Sumoylated on various lysine residues within the B domain, probably by MUL1. Sumoylation positively regulates mitochondrial fission. Desumoylated by SENP5 during G2/M transition of mitosis. Appears to be linked to its catalytic activity.

S-nitrosylation increases DNM1L dimerization, mitochondrial fission and causes neuronal damage.

Ubiquitination by MARCHF5 affects mitochondrial morphology.

O-GlcNAcylation augments the level of the GTP-bound active form of DRP1 and induces translocation from the cytoplasm to mitochondria in cardiomyocytes. It also decreases phosphorylation at Ser-637 (By similarity).

Subcellular Location:

Cytoplasm>Cytosol. Golgi apparatus. Endomembrane system>Peripheral membrane protein. Mitochondrion outer membrane>Peripheral membrane protein. Peroxisome. Membrane>Clathrin-coated pit. Cytoplasmic vesicle>Secretory vesicle>Synaptic vesicle membrane.
Note: Mainly cytosolic. Translocated to the mitochondrial membrane through O-GlcNAcylation and interaction with FIS1. Recruited to the mitochondrial outer membrane by interaction with MIEF1. Colocalized with MARCHF5 at mitochondrial membrane. Localizes to mitochondria at sites of division. Localizes to mitochondria following necrosis induction. Associated with peroxisomal membranes, partly recruited there by PEX11B. May also be associated with endoplasmic reticulum tubules and cytoplasmic vesicles and found to be perinuclear. In some cell types, localizes to the Golgi complex. Binds to phospholipid membranes.

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionSubcellular location
Tissue Specificity:

Ubiquitously expressed with highest levels found in skeletal muscles, heart, kidney and brain. Isoform 1 is brain-specific. Isoform 2 and isoform 3 are predominantly expressed in testis and skeletal muscles respectively. Isoform 4 is weakly expressed in brain, heart and kidney. Isoform 5 is dominantly expressed in liver, heart and kidney. Isoform 6 is expressed in neurons.

Subunit Structure:

Homotetramer; dimerizes through the N-terminal GTP-middle region of one molecule binding to the GED domain of another DNM1L molecule. Oligomerizes in a GTP-dependent manner to form membrane-associated tubules with a spiral pattern. Interacts with GSK3B and MARCHF5. Interacts (via the GTPase and B domains) with UBE2I; the interaction promotes sumoylation of DNM1L, mainly in its B domain. Interacts with PPP3CA; the interaction dephosphorylates DNM1L and regulates its transition to mitochondria. Interacts with BCL2L1 isoform BCL-X(L) and CLTA; DNM1L and BCL2L1 isoform BCL-X(L) may form a complex in synaptic vesicles that also contains clathrin and MFF. Interacts with FIS1. Interacts with MIEF2 and MIEF1; GTP-dependent this regulates GTP hydrolysis and DNM1L oligomerization. Interacts with PGAM5; this interaction leads to dephosphorylation at Ser-656 and activation of GTPase activity and eventually to mitochondria fragmentation.

Family&Domains:

The GED domain folds back to interact, in cis, with the GTP-binding domain and middle domain, and interacts, in trans, with the GED domains of other DNM1L molecules, and is thus critical for activating GTPase activity and for DNM1L dimerization.

Belongs to the TRAFAC class dynamin-like GTPase superfamily. Dynamin/Fzo/YdjA family.

Research Fields

· Cellular Processes > Cell growth and death > Necroptosis.   (View pathway)

· Environmental Information Processing > Signal transduction > TNF signaling pathway.   (View pathway)

· Organismal Systems > Immune system > NOD-like receptor signaling pathway.   (View pathway)

References

1). Interfering with mitochondrial dynamics sensitizes glioblastoma multiforme to temozolomide chemotherapy.

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